Submission of Manuscripts

How to submit and article, short communication, book, proceeding, or other publication for review.

MO Internal


Instructions To Authors

Marine Ornithology is published by the Pacific Seabird Group on behalf of a consortium of seabird groups: African, Australasian, Dutch, Pacific and UK. The journal publishes contributed papers, "forum" articles (papers on topics of general interest that express a particular viewpoint and may be solicited) and book, website and software reviews, on all aspects of marine ornithology world-wide. Contributions dealing with coastal or inland seabirds such as gulls, terns, cormorants and pelicans will also be considered. Review papers or Commentaries on important or emerging topics in Marine Ornithology are encouraged.

Since 2000, Marine Ornithology has been published both in hard copy and in electronic form at this, the Marine Ornithology website. For those browsing the electronic version of the journal, papers are available in Portable Document Format (PDF) so that they can be captured as exact facsimile of the printed version for reading or printing. There is no charge for viewing or downloading papers posted by Marine Ornithology. They can be freely distributed and archived under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (CC BY-SA).

Authors do not have to be members of the sponsoring seabird groups. All contributions (except for book reviews) are submitted to at least two referees. If revised manuscripts are not received by the editor within four months of author's receipt of editorial and referee's reports, they will be treated as new submissions. Contributions are normally published in order of acceptance, but electronic submission of original and revised manuscripts will greatly speed the process. We strongly encourage authors to submit in electronic format.


Contributions are received on the understanding that they contain novel work, conducted by the author, which has not been published, or is not under consideration for publication, elsewhere. All contributions must be in English, but may use English or American spelling. A summary in another language will be included, if supplied by the author. Full-length papers must include a brief summary; short communications do not require a summary and usually do not include subheads. The style of layout used in Marine Ornithology Volume 27 (1999) should be followed carefully.


Submissions should be sent as e-mail attachments. The e-mail should include the title of the paper and the names of the authors. The text and tables preferably should be in MSWord, or .rtf format with all lines numbered sequentially from start to finish. If another word processor is used, then an ASCII file of the text should also be submitted. Tables must be numbered in the order in which they are to appear, each on a separate page with the table number and title at the top. Each Figure should also be on a separate page. They can be submitted embedded in the document, or separately, as .tif, .bmp, .wmf, .eps or .jpg files. We welcome colour figures, maps, and photographs. These will appear in colour at the website, but will be in black-and-white for the printed edition unless the additional charge is supplied (see page charges).


Note arrangement of the title (all caps, centred), address (italic), e-mail address (first author only, new line, in brackets), summary (heading centered, caps), followed by citation in references format, followed by text of summary, not indented.

Authors' first names can be written in full in the title, but must include middle initials if these are to be included in the citation, e.g.: SAM W. GAMGEE & FRODO Q. BAGGINS

Numbers: One, two, three... ten, 11, 12, 13... 9999, 10,000, 10,001... 999,999, 1,000,000, etc.

Text citations are in date order e.g., (Gandalf 1601, Baggins & Gamgee 1722, Morgoth et al. 1855). Note that et al. (italicized) is used for more than 2 authors.

Section headings, all left-aligned

Primary: METHODS

Secondary: Statistical treatment

Tertiary: Multivariate methods

Normal primary sections:



Figures may be submitted as MSExcel, Postscript or .eps files (preferred), or Windows metafiles, or as high resolution bitmaps (tif, gif, minimum 300 dpi). Final versions may be requested in formats other than the one in which they were submitted. Patterned fill is preferable to greyscale for graphics. Colour images can be included in the web version and will be included in the print version on payment of a $100/page charge. If possible, papers should be submitted both as Adobe Portable Document Files (.pdf), including the figures (for review) and as MSWord documents (for editing). If you are unable to submit work in electronic format, please contact an editor for advice.


Photographs should be of high contrast, and submitted as high definition bitmaps (jpg, tif). We encourage the submission of relevant, optional black and white photographs that can be used as space-fillers, if the opportunity arises.


Captions for figures (which include graphs, maps and photographs) must be listed on a separate page, numbered in the order in which they are to appear.


References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order of the first author's name. Authors should ensure that they are written in the style used in Marine Ornithology:


FÉRET, J.-B. & ASNER, G.P. 2014. Microtopographic controls on lowland Amazonian canopy diversity from imaging spectroscopy. Ecological Applications 24: 1297-1310. doi:10.1890/13-1896.1
HAMMOND, R. L., CRAMPTON, L. H. & FOSTER, J. T. 2015. Breeding biology of two endangered forest birds on the island of Kauai, Hawaii. The Condor 117: 31-40. doi:10.1650/CONDOR-14-75.1

All journal names are written out in full and italicized.


CAMPBELL, R.W., DAWE, N.K., McTAGGART-COWAN, I., COOPER, J.M., KAISER, G.W. & McNALL, M.C.E. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia. Vol. 1 - Nonpasserines (Introduction, Loons Through Waterfowl). Victoria, BC: Royal British Columbia Museum.

Chapter or section of book:

CLOBERT, J. & LEBRETON, J.-D. 1991. Estimation of demographic parameters in bird populations. In: PERRINS, C.M., LEBRETON, J.-D. & HIRONS, G.J.M. (Eds.) Bird Population Studies: Relevance to Conservation and Management. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Reports: (similar to book, but include report numbers and/or series, and institution as publisher. If there is no named author, the institution is also the author):

KINLAN, B. P., ZIPKIN, E. F., O'CONNELL, A. F. & CALDOW, C. 2012. Statistical analyses to support guidelines for marine avian sampling: final report. OCS Study BOEM 2012-101. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 158.Herndon, VA: US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Office of Renewable Energy Programs.

Electronic resources: (such as online books: similar to book, with addition of online information and doi, if available):

STRICKLAND, D. & OUELLET, H. 2011. Gray Jay (Perisoreus canadensis). In: POOLE, A. (Ed.) The Birds of North America Online . Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. [Available online at: Accessed 28 May 2015]. doi:10.2173/bna.40.

Webpage: This example has no author and no date (as is the case with websites), so the page title is used in the in-text citation and to order the reference:

Threats to birds [Online]. Carlton, Victoria, Australia: BirdLife Australia. [Available online at: Accessed 28 May 2015].


DAVIS, M. B. 1999. Reproductive success, status and viability of American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus). MSc thesis. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University.

    Species Names:

English names of species should be capitalized (e.g. White-chinned Petrel) but not the name of a group of species (e.g. petrels). Scientific names of genera and species - but not family names- and foreign words should be italicized. Trinomials should be used only when accurately known and essential to the text. Both English and scientific names must be cited when a species is first mentioned but thereafter only one need be used. Metric units, decimal points and the 24-hour clock are to be used and dates expressed in the form 31 January 1947.

    After Acceptance:

Page proofs will be sent to the senior author and must be carefully checked and returned within 5 days of receipt. Because papers are available for download from the website free of charge, reprints are not supplied.

    Page charges:

As of 1 January 2016, a contribution of US$40/printed page for papers and short communications accepted is requested from authors who have institutional funds or grants that cover publication costs. If pages are printed in colour, a non-waivable charge of US$100/page is required (no charge is levied for colour used at the website). If the contributor is already paying the $40 page charge, colour will be included for an extra $60/page. Additional charges may be requested if figures have to be redrawn.

All material, except book reviews, should be submitted to:

David Ainley
H.T. Harvey Assoc.
983 University Ave., Bldg D
Los Gatos, CA 95032, USA

Reviews, and books, monographs and proceedings for review should be sent to:

Book Review Editor
Pat Baird
Centre for Wildlife Ecology
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6

Marine Ornithology 2016