Volume 47, No. 1

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First confirmed occurrence of Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus and Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis in Iraq


1College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq (
2Basra Directorate of Environment, Iraqi Ministry of Health and Environment, Basra, Iraq
3Department of Marshes and Sustainable Management of Natural Ecosystem, Iraqi Ministry of Health and Environment, Baghdad, Iraq


AL-SHEIKHLY, O.F., AL-DIRAWI, A.M. & AL-BARAZENGY, A.N. 2019. First confirmed occurrence of Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus and Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis in Iraq. Marine Ornithology 47: 1 - 3

Received 5 July 2018, accepted 16 August 2018

Date Published: 2019/04/15
Date Online: 2018/10/29
Key words: Al-Faw Peninsula, Bridled Tern, coastal wetlands, maritime birds, Sandwich Tern, Southern Iraq


Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus and Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis are strictly maritime species exhibiting a vast distribution range worldwide. In the 1920s, Bridled Terns were recorded in several localities within the Iraq-Iran geopolitical disputed areas in the Arabian (Persian) Gulf; however, there are no existing records of Sandwich Terns in Iraq. Through recent field observations, we confirm the occurrence of Bridled and Sandwich Terns in the Al-Faw Peninsula, Basra Province, on the northern edge of the Arabian Gulf in extreme southeast Iraq. The status of both species in Iraq is still enigmatic and requires further investigation.


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