Volume 44, No. 2
Volumes > 37 (2010-->) Volumes 28-37 (2000-09) Volumes 18-27 (1990-99) Volumes 5-17 (1978-89)
Quick Search by author or article title:
Key words: Alaska, Aethia cristatella, Crested Auklet, Falco rusticolus, Gyrfalcon, inland movement, predation
We report Crested Auklet Aethia cristatella as a prey item of a Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus nesting in inland western Alaska. This represents the first documented case as a Gyrfalcon prey item during the breeding season in North America, and the fourth documented case of inland movements of Crested Auklet. The presence of the auklet in the Gyrfalcon nest is notable due to the distance (105 km) to the nearest coastline. Weather likely caused the inland movement of the auklet. Because of the connection between weather events and inland movements of alcids, and the predicted increase and severity of weather due to climate change, continued reporting of inland movements may serve as a measure of change and its impacts on seabirds. Continued use of nest cameras to monitor raptor diet during nesting may also serve as a sampling tool for capturing similar instances of inland movements, and complement the use of eBird for sightings of live birds in understudied areas to gain a better understanding of the frequency of inland movements in the family Alcidae.
BENTE, P.J. 2011. Abundance and multi-year occupancy of Gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus) on the Seward Peninsula, Alaska. In: WATSON, R.T., CADE, T.J., FULLER, M., HUNT, G., & POTAPOV, E. (Eds.) Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World. Boise, ID: The Peregrine Fund. pp. 296-306.
BYRD, G.V. & DAY, R.H. 1986. The avifauna of Buldir Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Arctic 39: 109-118.
DAY, R.H., KULETZ, K.J. & NIGRO, D.A. 1999. Kittlitz's Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris). In: POOLE, A. (Ed.) The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. [Available online at: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/435. Accessed 15 February 2016]. doi:10.2173/bna.70.
eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [Online]. Ithaca, NY. [Available online at: http://www.ebird.org. Accessed 10 February 2015].
EASTERLING, D.R. 2000. Climate Extremes: Observations, modeling, and impacts. Science 289: 2068-2074.
GEIST, O.W. 1939. Sea birds found far inland in Alaska. Condor 41: 68-70.
HUMPHREY, P.S. & PHILLIPS, R.E. 1958. The odor of the Crested Auklet. Condor 60: 258-259.
JONES, I.L. 1993. Crested Auklet (Aethia cristatella). In: POOLE, A. (Ed.) The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. [Available online at: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/070. Accessed 15 February 2016]. doi:10.2173/bna.435.
KONYUKHOV, N. 1990. Crested Auklet. In: FLINT, V.E. & GOLOVKIN, A.N. (Eds.) Birds of the USSR: Auks, Alcidae. Moscow, Russia: Nauka. pp. 112-121.
MENNE, M.J., DURRE, I., KORZENIEWSKI, B., ET AL. 2016. Global Historical Climatology Network — Daily (GHCN-Daily), Version 3. [Available online at: http://doi.org/10.7289/V5D21VHZ. Accessed 27 February 2016.]
MUNYER, E.A. 1965. Inland wanderings of the Ancient Murrelet. Wilson Bulletin 77: 235-242.
NELSON, S.K. 1997. Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus). In: POOLE, A. (Ed.) The Birds of North America Online. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. [Available online at: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/276. Accessed 15 February 2016.] doi:10.2173/bna.276.
NICKELSEN, H.C. 1942. Crested Auklet reported taken in Washington. Murrelet 23: 82.
NIELSEN, Ó. 2003. The impact of food availability on Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) diet and timing of breeding. In: THOMPSON, D.B.A., REDPATH, S., FIELDING, A.H., MARQUISS, M., & GALBRAITH, C.A. (Eds.) Birds of Prey in a Changing Environment. The Natural History of Scotland series. Edinburgh, UK: The Stationery Office. pp. 283-302.
NIELSEN, Ó.K. 2011. Gyrfalcon population and reproduction in relation to Rock Ptarmigan numbers in Iceland. In: WATSON, R.T., CADE, T.J., FULLER, M., HUNT, G., & POTAPOV, E. (Eds.) Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World. Boise, ID: The Peregrine Fund. pp. 21-48.
SEALY, S.G. & CARTER, H.R. 2004. Inland occurrences of Dovekies in September in northeastern North America. Northeastern Naturalist 11: 375-382.
SEALY, S.G. & CARTER H.R. 2012. Rare inter-ocean vagrancy in Crested Auklet and Parakeet Auklet. Waterbirds 35: 64-73.
SMITH, M.D. 2011. The ecological role of climate extremes: Current understanding and future prospects. Journal of Ecology 99: 651-655.
WESTERN SEABIRDS UNION. 2016. North Pacific Seabird Data Portal. [Available online at: http://axiom.seabirds.net/portal.php. Accessed 10 February 2016].
UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE. 2006. Crested Auklet. [Available online at: http://www.fws.gov/alaska/mbsp/mbm/seabirds/pdf/crau.pdf. Accessed 10 February 2016].
VOSE, R.S., APPLEQUIST, S., BOURASSA, M.A., ET AL. 2014. Monitoring and understanding changes in extremes: Extratropical storms, winds, and waves. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95: 377-386.
WEYMAN, F.O. 1980. Crested Auklet found in California. Condor 82: 472.