Volume 48, No. 1



Volumes > 38 (2010-->) Volumes 28-37 (2000-09) Volumes 18-27 (1990-99) Volumes 5-17 (1978-89)
a.k.a. Cormorant

Quick Search by author or article title:


First biologging record of a foraging Red-Throated Loon Gavia stellata shows shallow and efficient diving in freshwater environments


Authors

JAMES DUCKWORTH1*, SUSAN O'BRIEN2, RONI VÄISÄNEN3, PETTERI LEHIKOINEN4, IB KRAG PETERSEN5, FRANCIS DAUNT6 & JONATHAN A. GREEN1

1School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GP, UK *(james.duckworth@liverpool.ac.uk)
2Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Inverdee House, Baxter Street, Aberdeen AB11 9QA, UK
3Avescapes Oy, Vihdintie 3-5 B 21, 00320, Helsinki, Finland
4The Finnish Museum of Natural History, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00100, Finland
5Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
6Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Edinburgh EH26 0QB, Scotland


Received 01 July 2019, accepted 11 October 2019

Date Published: 2020/04/15
Date Online: 2019/12/04


Download PDF
Appendix 1

Citation

DUCKWORTH, J., O'BRIEN, S., VÄISÄNEN, R., LEHIKOINEN, P., PETERSEN, I.K., DAUNT, F. & GREEN, J.A. 2020. First biologging record of a foraging Red-Throated Loon Gavia stellata shows shallow and efficient diving in freshwater environments. Marine Ornithology 48: 17-22.


Key words: Red-throated Loon, Finland, foraging, time depth recorder, geolocator


Abstract

Recently, Red-throated Loons Gavia stellata (RTL) have been the subject of increased interest due to their negative interactions with shipping, offshore wind farms, and other marine industry activities. This has driven a desire to quantify the behaviour and ecology of this understudied species, particularly during the non-breeding season. To achieve this, Time Depth Recorder (TDR) and Global Location Sensor (GLS) tags were deployed on individuals from several European locations. Due to an incidental mortality, one set of tags was retrieved early. The single set of tags recorded activity from June to August 2018. The TDR collected records for 14 d, providing the first ever biologging data on RTL foraging in Europe. The bird was tagged 90 km from the coast; therefore, it only used freshwater lakes and was never recorded entering saltwater. The individual mostly undertook shallow dives, with maximum and mean depths of 20 m and 5.4 m, respectively. Foraging constituted 22.9 % of total activity during the sampling period. The RTL had diel foraging patterns, with dives being shallower and more frequent at times of “twilight” compared to “daylight.” These results provide novel information on an RTL's diurnal patterns of water depth usage and foraging effort during the summer, demonstrating the potential of data loggers to provide key insights into the foraging ecology of this species.


References

CAIRNS, D.K. 1987. Seabirds as indicators of marine food supplies. Biological Oceanography 5: 261-271.

ELLIOTT, K.H. & GASTON, A.J. 2009. Accuracy of depth recorders. Waterbirds 32: 183-191.

ERIKSSON, M.O.G. 1985. Prey detectability for fish-eating birds in relation to fish density and water transparency. Scandinavian Journal of Ornithology 16: 1-7.

ERIKSSON, M.O.G., BLOMQVIST, D., HAKE, M. & JOHANSSON, O.C. 1990. Parental feeding in the Red‐throated Diver Gavia stellata. Ibis 132: 1-13.

ERIKSSON, M.O.G. & SUNDBERG, P. 1991. The choice of fishing lakes by the Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata and Black-throated Diver G. arctica during the breeding season in south-west Sweden. Bird Study 38: 135-144.

FALK, K., BENVENUTI, S., DALL'ANTONIA, L., KAMPP, K. & RIBOLINI, A. 2000. Time allocation and foraging behaviour of chick-rearing Brünnich's Guillemots Uria lomvia in high-arctic Greenland. Ibis 142: 82-92.

FAYET, A.L., FREEMAN, R., SHOJI, A. ET AL. 2016. Drivers and fitness consequences of dispersive migration in a pelagic seabird. Behavioral Ecology 27: 1061-1072.

GARTHE, S. & HÜPPOP, O. 2004. Scaling possible adverse effects of marine wind farms on seabirds: developing and applying a vulnerability index. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 724-734.

GUSE, N., GARTHE, S. & SCHIRMEISTER, B. 2009. Diet of red-throated divers Gavia stellata reflects the seasonal availability of Atlantic herring Clupea harengus in the southwestern Baltic Sea. Journal of Sea Research 62: 268-275.

KELLEY, D., RICHARDS, C. & CHANTELLE, L. 2019. 'oce': R Package version 1.1-1 [Available online at: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=oce. Accessed 20 June 2019].

KERSTEN, M., BRITTON, R.H., DUGAN, P.J. & HAFNER, H. 1991. Flock feeding and food intake in Little Egrets: the effects of prey distribution and behaviour. Journal of Animal Ecology 60: 241-252.

KLEINSCHMIDT, B., BURGER, C., DORSCH, M. ET AL. 2019. The diet of red-throated divers (Gavia stellata) overwintering in the German Bight (North Sea) analysed using molecular diagnostics. Marine Biology 166: 77.

MEHLUM, F., WATANUKI, Y. & TAKAHASHI, A. 2001. Diving behaviour and foraging habitats of Brünnich's guillemots (Uria lomvia) breeding in the high-arctic. Journal of Zoology 255: 413-423.

MENDEL, B., SCHWEMMER, P., PESCHKO, V., ET AL. 2019. Operational offshore wind farms and associated ship traffic cause profound changes in distribution patterns of Loons (Gavia spp.). Journal of Environmental Management 231: 429-438.

MORKŪNĖ, R., LESUTIENĖ, J., BARISEVIČIŪTĖ, R., MORKŪNAS, J. & GASIŪNAITĖ, Z.R. 2016. Food sources of wintering piscivorous waterbirds in coastal waters: a triple stable isotope approach for the southeastern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 171: 41-50.

NUMMI, P., VÄÄNÄNEN, V., PAKARINEN, R. & PIENMUNNE, E. 2013. The Red-throated Diver (Gavia stellata) in human-disturbed habitats - building up a local population with the aid of artificial rafts. Ornis Fennica 90: 16-22.

O'BRIEN, S., RUFFINO, L., LEHIKOINEN, P. ET AL. 2018. Red-Throated Diver Energetics Project - 2018 Field Season Report. JNCC Report No. 627. Peterborough, Canada: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

OKILL, J.D. 1994. Ringing recoveries of red‐throated divers Gavia stellata in Britain and Ireland. Ringing & Migration 15: 107-118.

PETERSEN, I.K., NIELSEN, R.D., PIHL S., ET AL. 2010. LANDSDÆKKENDE OPTÆLLING AF VANDFUGLE I DANMARK, VINTEREN 2007/2008. Working Report from DMU, Aarhus University. Frederiksborgvej, Denmark: The Danish Environmental Research Institute.

POLAK, M. & CIACH, M. 2007. Behaviour of black-throated diver Gavia arctica and red-throated diver Gavia stellata during autumn migration stopover. Ornis Svecica 17: 90-94.

R DEVELOPMENT CORE TEAM. 2018. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. [Available online at https://www.R-project.org/]. 

REGULAR, P.M., HEDD, A. & MONTEVECCHI, W.A. 2011. Fishing in the dark: a pursuit-diving seabird modifies foraging behaviour in response to nocturnal light levels. PLoS One 6: e26763.

REIMCHEN, T.E. & SHEILA, D. 1984. Feeding schedule and daily food consumption in Red-throated Loons (Gavia stellata) over the prefledging period. The Auk 101: 593-599.

RIZZOLO, D.J., SCHMUTZ, J., A., MCCLOSKEY, S.E. & FONDELL, T.F. 2014. Factors influencing nest survival and productivity of Red-throated Loons (Gavia stellata) in Alaska. The Condor: 574-587.

RIZZOLO, D.J., SCHMUTZ, J.A. & SPEAKMAN, J.R. 2015. Fast and efficient: postnatal growth and energy expenditure in an Arctic-breeding waterbird, the Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata). The Auk 132: 657-670.

RUTZ, C. & HAYS, G.C. 2009. New frontiers in biologging science. Biology Letters 5: 289-292.

SCHREER, J.F., KIT, M.K. & HARA HINES, R.J.O. 2001. Comparative Diving Patterns of Pinnipeds and Seabirds. Ecological Monographs 71: 137.

SCHWEMMER, P., MENDEL, B., SONNTAG, N., DIERSCHKE, V. & GARTHE, S. 2011. Effects of ship traffic on seabirds in offshore waters: implications for marine conservation and spatial planning. Ecological Applications 21: 1851-1860.

SEQUEIRA, A.M.M., HEUPEL, M.R., LEA, M.A. ET AL. 2019. The importance of sample size in marine megafauna tagging studies. Ecological Applications 29: e01947.

SKOV, H. & PRINS, E. 2001. Impact of estuarine fronts on the dispersal of piscivorous birds in the German Bight. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 214: 279-287.

SOLOVYEVA, D., PARUK, J., TASH, J., ET AL. 2017. Post-breeding densities, population sizes and lake size partitioning of loon species in western Chukotka, Russia. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 10: 621-631.

TREMBLAY, Y. & CHEREL, Y. 2000. Benthic and pelagic dives: a new foraging behaviour in rockhopper penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 204: 257-267.

TREMBLAY, Y., CHEREL, Y., OREMUS, M., TVERAA, T. & CHASTEL, O. 2003. Unconventional ventral attachment of time-depth recorders as a new method for investigating time budget and diving behaviour of seabirds. Journal of Experimental Biology 206: 1929-1940.

UHER-KOCH, B.D., KOCH, J.C., WRIGHT, K.G. & SCHMUTZ, J.A. 2018. Comparative nest survival of three sympatric loon species breeding in the Arctic. Journal of Avian Biology 49: e01671.


© Marine Ornithology 2022