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Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus movements and marine habitat use near proposed tanker routes to Kitimat, BC, Canada.


Authors

DOUGLAS F. BERTRAM1, CHRISTIE A. MacDONALD2, PATRICK D. O'HARA1, JENNA L. CRAGG3, MICHAEL H. JANSSEN2, MALCOLM McADIE3, & W. SEAN BOYD3

1Environment Canada, c/o Institute for Ocean Sciences, 9860 West Saanich Road, P.O. Box 6000, Sidney, British Columbia V8L 4B2, Canada (douglas.bertram@dfo-mpo.gc.ca)
2Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, Canada
3Environment Canada, Pacific Wildlife Research Centre, 5421 Robertson Road, Delta, British Columbia V4K 3N2, Canada


Received 22 May 2015, accepted 23 October 2015

Date Pubished: 2016/04/15
Date Online: 2017/02/28


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Citation

BERTRAM, D.F., MacDONALD, C.A., O'HARA, P.D., CRAGG, J.L., JANSSEN, M.H., McADIE, M. & BOYD, W.S. 2016. Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus movements and marine habitat use near proposed tanker routes to Kitimat, BC, Canada.. Marine Ornithology 44: 3-9.


Key words: British Columbia, Marbled Murrelet, shipping, satellite telemetry, kernel density, species at risk


Abstract

We report on movements and marine habitat use of breeding Marbled Murrelets Brachyramphus marmoratus offshore of Kitimat, British Columbia, Canada, with particular reference to the proposed "Northern Gateway" tanker traffic routes. Adult Marbled Murrelets were captured at night on the water during the pre-laying period (April 2014) in Wright Sound, near Hartley Bay, BC. Six birds were tagged with 5 g solar satellite transmitters. We had short-lived or no detections for two birds, detections for two weeks for three birds, and detections throughout the breeding season and beyond for one bird whose tag continued to transmit signals. Marine habitat use in relation to three alternative proposed tanker routes was examined for individual murrelets by using kernel density estimation to generate probability density functions of location, incorporating Argos location errors. Areas of high, medium and low encounter probabilities for each bird were generated. Use of marine habitats, coupled with a large population of birds in the area during the breeding season, suggests that there is a strong potential for interaction between tankers and murrelets along the proposed routes. However, based on the movement of one bird to south-central Alaska, individuals may migrate out of the area, reducing the likelihood of interactions post-breeding.


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